SpatialModulation project

The SpatialModulation project proposes a new air interface, imbedded in the future 5G/WLAN interfaces. It will provide connectivity, with a high data rate, to a specific part of the internet-of-things: small, mobile and energy autonomous sensors. For instance, we expect small portable cameras to reach a higher autonomy by 2020. With the right wireless technology, they would send real time videos. Multiple Input and Multiple Output (MIMO) boosts the data rate. However, for our kind of sensor, a solution based on multiple Radio-Frequency (RF) chains and multiple antennas, is too costly, too energy consuming and too large. We therefore propose to revisit and jointly optimize two disruptive techniques to create a ‘smaller’ MIMO: Spatial Modulation MIMO (SM-MIMO) and Small Tunable Locally Resonant Antenna (STLRA). SM-MIMO will boost the data rate, but just with a single RF. STLRA will improve the compactness of the system. A proof of concept (FPGA platforms) and innovative signal processing schemes will be produced.

The consortium includes

  • Orange (leader)
  • Time Reversal Communications (ATOS-BULL group)
  • Centrale-Supelec
  • Institut Langevin
  • INSA-IETR Rennes
  • Télécom Bretagne
The project has started on the 1st of January 2016 and will last 42 months.
This project is funded by the French National Research Agency (Agence Nationale de la Recherche - ANR), and supported by Poles Images et Reseaux and Systematic.
Past related project : TRIMARAN

Some of our publications:
  1. Mokh, A.; Crussière, M.; Hélard, M. and Di Renzo, M. "Theoretical Performance of Coherent and Incoherent Detection for Zero-Forcing Receive Antenna Shift Keying," in IEEE Access, vol. 6, pp. 39907-39916, July 2018. URL:
  2. Mokh, A.; Hélard, M.  and Crussière, M. "Extended Receive Spatial Modulation MIMO scheme for Higher Spectral Efficiency,” in Proc. IEEE VTC Spring 2018, Porto, Portugal, June 2018. URL: to appear in
  3. Mokh, A.; Crussière, M. and Hélard "Performance Analysis of Extended RASK under Imperfect Channel Estimation and Antenna Correlation,” in Proc. IEEE WCNC 2018, march 2018. URL:  to appear in
  4. Mokh, A.; Crussière, M.; Hélard, M. “Performance Analysis of the Maximum Ratio Transmission Preprocessing for Extended Receive Antenna Shift Keying,” in Proc. WPMC 2017, 17-20 dec 2017, yojyakarta, Indonesia. URL:  
  5. Mokh, A.; Hélard, M.; Crussière, M.; “Space shift keying modulations for low complexity Internet-of-Things devices,” in Proc. 2017 IEEE Global Communications Conference: Selected Areas in Communications: Internet of Things (IEEE GLOBECOM 2017 SAC IoT), Singapore, Dec. 2017. URL:  
  6. C.-C. Cheng, M. Di Renzo, F. Graziosi, A. Zappone, "On Simultaneous Wireless Information and Power Transfer for Receive Spatial Modulation", IEEE Access, November 2017. URL:
  7. Di Renzo, M., “Spatial Modulation Based on Reconfigurable Antennas – A New Air Interface for the IoT,” MILCOM 2017, Baltimore, USA, October 23-25, 2017. URL:
  8. Mokh, A.; Hélard, M.; Crussière, M.; “Time reversal receive antenna shift keying on MIMO LOS channel,” in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Sensors, Networks, Smart and Emerging Technologies (IEEE SENSET), Lebanon, Sept. 12-14, 2017. URL:
  9. Mokh, A. ; Helard, M. ; Crussière, M.; Kokar, Y. and Prevotet, J.-C. "Technique de modulation spatiale et dispositif de réception associé, " déposé le 5 février 2016, FR 3047621. Ext. PCT WO2017134403 le 10/08/2017. URL:
  10. Di Renzo, M. "Spatial Modulation Based on Reconfigurable Antennas: A New Air Interface for the Internet of Things (from theory to experimental validation)", IEEE 5G Greece Summit Thessaloniki, Greece, July 11, 2017. URL:
  11. Basar, E., Wen, M., Mesleh, R., Di Renzo, M., Xiao, Y., Haas, H. “Index Modulation Techniques for Next-Generation Wireless Networks," IEEE Access, august 2017.  URL:
  12. Mokh, A.; Crussière, M.; Hélard, M. “Extended receive antenna shift keying,” in Proc. ICT 2017, May 2017, URL:
  13. Phan-Huy, D.-T.; Malhouroux-Gaffet, N.; Rioult, J. ; Kokar, Y.; Prévotet, J.-C. ; Le Cornec, A.; Gati, A.; Sarrebourse, T.; Pajusco, P.; Hélard, M. “The Radio Waves Display: an Intuitive Way to Show Green Techniques for 5G to the General Public,” in Proc. IEEE ICC 2017: WS05-International Workshop on Application of green techniques to emerging communication and computing paradigms (GCC), pp. 234-240, May 21, 2017. URL:  
  14. P. Pajusco, F. Gallée, N. Malhouroux, R. Burghelea, “Massive Antenna Array for Space Time Channel Sounding,” in Proc. EUCAP 2017, pp. 865-868, March 2017. URL:
  15. Ourir, A; Rachedi, K; Phan-Huy, D.-T. ; Leray, C.; de Rosny, J. “Compact Reconfigurable Antenna with Radiation Pattern Diversity for Spatial Modulation,” in Proc. EUCAP 2017, pp. 3038-3043, March 2017. URL:
  16. Phan Huy, D.-T.; Kokar, Y.; Rioult, J.; Malhouroux-Gaffet, N. ; Prévotet, J.-C.; Buey, C.; Ratajaczak, P. ; Hélard, M. ; Ourir, A.; Rachedi, K.; Leray, C.; de Rosny, J.; Le Cornec, A. , Gati, A.; Sarrebourse, T.; Pajusco, P; Di Renzo, M. “First Visual Demonstration of Receive Spatial Modulation Using the "Radio Wave Display,” in Proc. 21st International ITG Workshop on Smart Antennas (WSA), March 2017URL:
  17. Di Renzo, M.; Haas, H.; Ghrayeb, A.; Sugiura, S. & Hanzo, L. “Spatial Modulation for Multiple-Antenna Communication,” Chapter from Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, November 2016. URL:
  18. Kokar, Y; Prévotet, J.-C.; Hélard, M. “Receive antenna shift keying modulation tesbed for wireless communication systems,” in Proc. IEEE Globecom 2016, Dec. 2016. URL:
  19. Mokh, A. ; Helard, M. ; Crussière, M. ;  Kokar, Y. and Prevotet, J.C « Technique de modulation spatiale, déposé le 13 septembre  2016, » FR16/01344. URL :

To contact the authors:

INSA Rennes:
IMT Atlantique:
Institut Langevin, ESPCI
Centrale Supélec
We made two visual demonstrations on Transmit and Receive spatial modulations  at IEEE ICC 2017, in Paris, 21st-24th may 2017, at ORANGE booth, and had more than 200 visitors.
Here is our poster describing the demos :a0_icc_stand_poster_v1.pdf

The Orange Booth at ICC 2017 with two demos of the Project running in parallel
Yvan Kokar beside his setup for the visual demonstration of receive spatial modulation

Patrice Pajusco besides his setup for the visual demonstration of transmit spatial modulation (see the video: )

The transmit spatial modulation visual demonstration setup
The transmit spatial modulation visual demonstration setup

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